IMF reviews progress of Madagascar’s economic programme

IMF PortMadagascar’s economic conditions remain favourable. (Image source: United Nations Photo/Flickr)A team from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) led by Marshall Mills, mission chief for Madagascar, visited Antananarivo from 14–28 March 2018, to hold discussions on the third review of Madagascar’s economic reform programme supported by the IMF’s three-year Extended Credit Facility (ECF)

Good progress was made during the discussions and they will continue in the coming weeks. Following conclusion of ongoing discussions, the IMF executive board could consider the third ECF review in June 2018.

Some of the highlights from Mills’ statement include:

“Madagascar’s economic conditions remain favourable, with sustained growth and macroeconomic stability in spite of some shocks. Economic growth was estimated at 4.2 per cent in 2017, despite the effects of a major cyclone and drought on agriculture and hydropower, as well as an outbreak of the plague on tourism. Growing export revenues from vanilla, boosted by high prices, and light manufactured goods led to a strong currency and created room for a substantial accumulation of foreign exchange reserves, which exceeded four months of imports at end-2017. The central bank has appropriately managed an associated increase in bank liquidity. Growth is projected to accelerate to five per cent in 2018, led by rising public investment, continued growth in manufacturing, a rebound in agriculture and a recovery in the mining sector. Inflation is expected to decline gradually to below eight per cent by end-2018, after it rose slightly to nine per cent in 2017 due to weather-related shocks.”

“Performance under the ECF-supported program remains broadly satisfactory. Based on current data, all quantitative performance targets for end-December were met and for most with a large margin. In particular, reserve accumulation and the fiscal balance continued to exceed program targets. Implementation of structural reforms in the program generally advanced as planned, except for fuel pricing and a minor delay in the new statistics law.”

“Financial difficulties at the state-owned public utility JIRAMA continue to weigh heavily on public finances despite the launch of an ambitious plan to restructure the company. Large losses last year exacerbated by the drought exceeded budgeted transfers, putting additional pressure on public resources. Under the authorities’ current plans, JIRAMA’s transfer needs are also expected to exceed budgeted transfers this year, as higher world fuel prices and service on the debt accumulated in recent years offset the impact of favorable rainfall on hydropower production. Staff urged the authorities to implement measures to limit these operational losses and JIRAMA’s need for government transfers. In addition, higher than expected needs for the government’s wage bill and pensions will also require increased public resources.”

“Discussions also addressed priority medium-term structural reforms in monetary policy, financial sector development and public investment. The BFM continues to develop its operational framework for monetary operations, through a better focus on managing excess bank liquidity and strengthening the legislative framework. The central bank and the ministry of finance and budget also plan to update the legal and regulatory framework for the operation of the foreign exchange market. Building on the Financial System Stability Assessment (FSSA), the authorities will update the legal and regulatory supervisory framework, move towards risk-based prudential supervision, and submit a revised banking law by year end. They are also working to speed up the execution of investment spending that is central to the program’s growth strategy. The recently adopted investment management strategy should improve implementation monitoring and ensure the consistency of new investment projects with the national development strategy.”

On governance, staff stressed the importance of enacting the asset recovery and Anti-Money Laundering laws submitted to parliament, to fight corruption and maintain good banking relationships internationally. It also remains important to follow through with implementation of the strengthened anti-corruption legislation, asset declaration framework, and improvements to public financial management.

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